About this guide
This guide was created for the HE900 scoping review team. It provides a project outline and resources for doing a scoping review.
Rationale for scoping review
There is expressed interest from caregivers involved in a Waterloo Region support group for more information about the transition from youth to adulthood for individuals living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). A comprehensive scoping review will be valuable to caregivers, community organizations, people living with FASD, and other stakeholders who are involved in planning for successful and sustainable living, working and social networking arrangements of people living with FASD.
Scoping review resources
What is a scoping review?
Doing a scoping review is all about putting together replicable, rigiorous, and transparent methods for finding and synthesizing research literature about a specific topic or question. So, it's about more than simply finding sources. Instead, it's about having a comprehensive search strategy.
Like any scientific study, you need to account for how you got your results in a scoping review. How do you know you didn't miss any sources that would influence your observations of existing research literature?
Developing a scoping review
- Guidance for conducting systematic scoping reviews
- PRISMA extension for scoping reviews: Guidance and explanation
- Worksheet for developing a scoping review
- How to do a scoping review (25:26)
- How to map your scoping review search (4:57)
- Setting the scoping review objective and questions (9:22)
Systematic reviews about FASD
- Systematic review of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder interventions across the life span
- Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and the criminal justice system: A systematic literature review
- Experiences of living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative data
The PCC template helps you define your topic.
|(C)oncept||Planning materials, education, mental health modules, community planning, etc.|
|(C)ontext||The transition from childhood to adulthood|
Websites and Training on Searching
Databases to search
Examples of search strategies from FASD literature
- Assessing motor skills to inform a fetal alcohol spectrum discorder diagnosis focusing on persons older than 12 years
- Supplementary data journal article search string in multiple databases
PubMed search hedge for FASD
A hedge is a pre-made strategy that you can cut and paste into a database search box.
(("fetal alcohol spectrum disorders"[mesh]) or (fetal alcohol spectrum[text word]) or (foetale alcohol spectrum[text word]) or (fetal alcohol syndrome[text word]) or (foetale alcohol syndrome[text word]) or (fetal alcohol effect*[text word]) or (alcohol related birth defect*[text word]) or (alcohol related neurodevelopmental disorder*[text word]) or (neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure[text word]) or (partial fas[title/abstract]) or (partial fasd[title/abstract]) or (prenatal alcohol exposure[title/abstract]) or (fasd[text word]) or (fasd[title/abstract]) or (foetale alcohol spectrum disorder[text word]) or (foetale alcohol effect[text word]))
Filters for Human and English = 3,535 Results
Other MESH terms
- Transition to Adult Care [MeSH] has 1,340 results
- Transition to Adult Care [MeSH] searched with the above FASD hedge produces ZERO results
- Transition to Adult Care [MeSH] systematic reviews has 46 results
- Cochrane Review article Transition of care for adolescents from paediatric services to adult health services
- Look at the Appendix I for search strategy across multiple databases
- BMJ article Methodology used in comparative studies assessing programmes of transition from paediatrics to adult care programmes: A systematic review
- Has a much less robust search strategy: ("transition"[title] OR "transfer"[title] OR "passage"[title]) AND ("young"[tw] OR "young people"[tw] OR "adolescent"[tw] OR "children"[tw] OR "pediatric"[tw]) AND ("care"[tw] OR "healthcare"[tw] OR "medicine"[tw] OR "services"[tw])
- Barriers to transition from pediatric to adult care: A systematic review
- Here is the Objective of this research: Objective: Transition research in each disease group is developing in its own "silo." A comprehensive review of barriers to transition within and across chronic illness groups is needed to facilitate information sharing and larger-scale efforts to overcome barriers and improve patient care. This study systematically reviews and identifies the barriers to transition from pediatric to adult care across pediatric illness populations.
- Searching for (transition to adulthood [tw]) AND FASD hedge produces 2 results:
Other subject terms
Grey literature search strategy
Scoping review protocol
- Grey literature: government, health funders, and other organization that might include studies/evaluations of programs aimed at parents, youth/adults with FASD, etc. – as WR FASD Action Group.
- Include CanFASD website, CanFASD research leads, PHAC contacts, Dorothy Badry, ask about more networks.
- “Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and the Criminal Justice System: A Systematic Literature Review”
- 3.1. Eligibility criteria: Our preliminary review identified articles that included: 1. human research related to FASD or PAE, and 2. research related to formal criminal justice system involvement. Articles were excluded if they focused on the criminalization of drinking during pregnancy, family law, or child welfare/custody. Articles related to delinquent behaviour rather than formal justice involvement were also excluded. Articles were then reviewed in more detail to determine whether they: 3. had undergone formal academic peer review, and 4. offered new empirical data to the state of the evidence. At this second level of review, we excluded evaluation reports, conference proceedings, case law, grey literature, dissertations and theses, book reviews, commentaries, and editorials.
- "Transition of Care for Adolescents from Paediatric Services to Adult Health Services"
- Contacted content experts to identify unpublished or ongoing work and searched websites of relevant professional bodies, including the Royal College of Nursing, American Academy of Paediatrics, and the Royal College of Paediatrics.
- “Systematic Review of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Interventions Across the Life Span”
- Forty FASD organizations were identiﬁed and webpages searched to locate non-peer-reviewed intervention trials that could be included (see Supporting Information for a complete list).
Search methods for grey literature
- CADTH’s “Grey Matters: A Practical Tool for Searching Health Related Grey Literature”
- Checklist for documenting a grey literature search (comprehensive / transparent / reproducible)
- Focus on health technology assessment, government, and agency reports that may not be indexed in databases
- "Applying Systematic Review Search Methods to the Grey Literature: A Case Study Examining Guidelines for School-based Breakfast Programs in Canada"
- Additional files documenting Custom Google Search Engines, targeted web searches, and websites identified through targeted web searches
- Grey literature databases
- Search engines
- Google Advanced Search (file type: PDF and site or domain, e.g. .edu)
- Public Health Search Engine (Google Custom Search Engine created by the Ontario Public Health Association, searches the websites of Canada's federal, provincial, and regional health authorities, public health agencies, and collaborating centres)
- Canadian Public Policy Custom Search Engine (Google Custom Search Engine from the University of Saskatchewan)
- Custom Google search for Canadian government documents
- Mednar (a deep web search engine)
- Targeted websites
- Consult with experts
- CanFASD research leads
- PHAC contacts
- Dorothy Badry
Search documentation (Excel)
- When – document the date of the search
- Where – document the specific database, search engine, website searched
- Search strategy – document exactly how you searched
- Findings – document the number of results
Search documentation (PRISMA)
- Checklist of reporting times
- Explanation for Checklist items
- Tip Sheet for PRISMA reporting
- PRISMA flow diagram
- PRIMMA statement
- Screening without abstracts
- Uploading to citation management software